Abstract: The project aims to contribute to the knowledge on the causes, experience and mechanisms that underpin sub-replacement fertility in the Czech Republic. In particular, childlessness and one-child families will be studied as manifestations of sub-replacement fertility. The project uses a mixed-methods research design, combining secondary analysis of quantitative life-history data and conducting and analysis of biographical interviews. The quantitative analysis will uncover the factors preventing people from progressing to having their first child, and preventing parents from progressing to their second child. The qualitative analysis will explore how childless people and parents of one child experience and attach meanings to their reproductive trajectories. The qualitative research will include a longitudinal case study, which involves re-interviewing communication partners from a previous study. A merging of qualitative and quantitative data will provide a complex understanding of the low rate of fertility in Czech society.
Aims: The research project aims to enhance knowledge on the causes, experience and mechanisms that underpin sub-replacement fertility in a post-socialist context. In particular, it will study childlessness and one-child families as manifestations of sub-replacement fertility.
Publikace vydané v rámci projektu (celkem 16, zobrazeno 1 - 10)
The article compares the development of policies pertaining to care for preschool children in
the course of the second half of the 20th century in France and in the Czech Republic. It aims at
identifying the key factors that led to the differentiation of the policies and institutions in the two
countries, especially with respect to support for extra-familial care and formal care institutions
Článek shrnuje poznání o fenoménu jednodětnosti a rozvíjí poznání o jednodětnosti v ČR. Na základě Sčítání lidu z roku 2011 a reprezentativního výzkumu životních drah analyzuje faktory související s jednodětností a plánem mít jedináčka. Výsledky ukazují, že jsou matky jedináčků méně často než stejně staré matky více dětí vdané, žijí častěji ve větších městech, mají vyšší vzdělání a pracují častěji v některých typech profesí.
Objectives. Achieved fertility is lower than intended fertility in Europe. The factors contributing to this mismatch are thus an important research topic. The objective of this study is to identify the factors that contribute to the unfulfilment of short-term fertility intentions and to changes in the intended number of children to improve our understanding of the mismatch between achieved and intended fertility in Czechia.
Text se věnuje formujícímu se trhu s nájemní domácí prací v postsocialistickém prostoru v kontextu genderových nerovností. Diskutován je vliv rodinné a populační politiky a kultury péče o děti na formování trhu s nájemní domácí prací.
The text deals with hired domestic work in the context of gender inequalities in the post-socialist space. The influence of childcare and population policies and childcare culture on the formation of the market with hired domestic work is discussed.
The paper discusses how selective pronatalism has been incorporated into childcare and reproductive health policies in the socialist state of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989). It answers the question of how pronatalist framing has been used to categorise ‘others’, whose procreation has been deemed undesirable.
Remaining childless or having just one child are two different experiences
and each is attached to a different social status. However, they can
also be viewed through a unifying lens as phenomena that contribute to low
fertility. Theories that seek to explain low fertility often attribute both phenomena
to the same causes. This article examines what factors are connected
to a person’s intention to remain childless or to have just one child and
This article explores young people’s imaginations of their future family life. Based on qualitative research among young people in North Bohemia, it considers social reproduction and change within the domain of gendered labour and parenting. This is done on the backdrop of post-1989 transformation of Czech society, where drives towards individualisation and diversification of the life course stand against discourses and policies supporting separate gender roles.
Despite the fact that not having a partner is a strong predictor for remaining childless, few studies have explored the heterogeneity of partnership trajectories among childless persons. This article fills the gap in knowledge about the pathways to childlessness in Central Europe by exploring the within-group diversity of partnership trajectories among childless persons between the ages of 18 and 40 under state socialism and during the post-1989 transformation in the Czech Republic.